Spread through the bite of an infected mosquito, the Zika virus is an emerging virus garnering much media-attention. Symptoms of the virus include fever, skin rash, and conjunctivitis and typically last less than a week. A connection between Zika in pregnant women and birth defects is currently being investigated.
West Nile Virus (WNV)
First found in Uganda in 1937, WNV has spread globally. Its flulike symptoms include fever, headache, and body aches. More serious symptoms include disorientation, muscle weakness, neck stiffness and more. Eighty percent of West Nile cases will never display any symptoms.
Among the most serious condition linked to mosquitoes, encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain. It starts as a virus that usually resolves itself, but in the cases that it worsens, it can invade the central nervous system and cause encephalitis. Eastern Equine encephalitis (EEE) is the most common encephalitis and can affect humans and horses.
This parasitic roundworm infects dogs and other animals. The heartworm larva is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito and proceeds through a variety of life stages. The heartworm takes residence in the host’s heart where it grows to impressive lengths. It is of the greatest concern in canines where it most frequently leads to serious repercussions.
Eradicated in the US in the 1940s, malaria continues to kill millions in Africa each year. Malaria is both preventable and treatable. To help fight the spread of malaria, Mosquito Squad is a proud supporter of Malaria No More, a nonprofit working to make sure every family in Africa has timely access to the tools they need to prevent, diagnose and treat malaria.
With outbreaks in Africa, Asia, and Europe, the Chikungunya virus was first found in the Americas in 2013 in the Caribbean. This mosquito-borne disease causes fever, joint pain, headaches, rash and swelling. There is currently no vaccine for chikungunya and travelers to affected areas are encouraged to protect themselves against mosquito bites.